Did you know that the scribbling done by your 2 year old
also has a meaning? Yes, it’s true. There are different stages in ‘Toddler
Art’, which signify their mental development. Read on to identify the stage
that your child is in and learn how to encourage them to move on to the next.
There are several
stages in the development of a child in art. This theory assumes that these
stages occur in a sequential order and the child progresses from one stage to
the next. However, like all theories, these should not be taken literally as
growth happens at different rates in different children – which is normal.
1. 1.Scribbling Stage ( 2-4 years):
this stage, the child will make random marks, dots and lines. Here, they enjoy
scribbling purely as it gives them a chance to move their arms freely. He will
use the drawing tool as if he has no connection to it i.e. the hand and the eye
will not be always coordinated. He will simply move the arm. There are three
sub-stages here ::
Scribbling – When the child’s hand and eye movements are not coordinated.
Scribbling – When the child looks at his drawings and tries to ‘draw’ in a
of Scribbling – When the child scribbles and gives names to his drawings, e.g.
– cow, dog, sun, mummy etc. The scribbles might look the same to us, but they
have meaning for the child. It is very important to ‘accept’ the child’s
drawing and encourage him, rather than ‘correct’ him during this stage.
order to enhance creativity and imagination, it is advisable to give the child
a big (very important for free hand movement) sheet of paper and some thick,
dark colored crayons (as they are easy to grip and see). Providing them with
coloring books can actually inhibit their thought process and curtail
creativity, so do not waste your money on them.
Stage (3 to 7 years):
child enters the second stage in art when he represents objects in his
environment using symbols. These symbols are mostly formed using circles or
squares or lines. The child has no concept of ‘up’ (sky is up) or ‘down’ (grass
is down). Things are drawn haphazardly all over the paper, in fact, the paper
might be turned around several times while drawing.
encourage the child to draw and provide him different types of materials for
exploration. As his concepts develop, more and more details will start
emerging. It is very important to ‘not’ correct the child’s drawings – give him
options, but let him decide.
other stages are Schematic, Transitional and Realism Stage that take place from
6 to 12 years and over.
enjoy your child’s scribbles, pay more attention to them, identify the stage
that they are in…. and most importantly – HAVE FUN !
MESSY is the word that comes to our mind when we think
of our toddlers indulging in art, especially at home with mommy in the summer
vacations. But if you want to indulge your child in some stress-free art, then
read on for some ideas.
Paint in a Bag Trick : Fill different blobs
of colors in a zip-lock bag and seal it. Lay flat on the table and let the kids
mix the colors around inside the bag using their fingers. They will love to do
this for hours together, learn about color mixing and not create a mess. You
can even stick these up on a window, and let the children mix colors as the
light shines through. Then, simply throw the bags in the dustbin. But make
sure, the bag is properly sealed !
Special Paint-brushes : Small children find
it rather difficult to hold paintbrushes and use them effectively to paint
since their motor skills are yet developing. Hence, you can make special
paintbrushes using clothes-pegs and sponge pieces. Also you can use cotton
balls, feathers, strings – anything that can be held by a clothes-peg easily.
Kids will find working with each ‘brush’ challenging and interesting as the
effects created will be different.
Ice-cube Painting : Fill an ice tray with some water with
food coloring of different colors and leave overnight. Next day, let the kids
paint…maybe lick away using the cubes. You can even insert toothpicks in your
ice cubes after they are half-set, to make it easy for the kids to hold.
Bubble Painting : Pop! There is something so magical
about bubbles that all kids love them. You need only a bubble wand, some bubble
making mixture (soap and water), and food coloring. Mix different food colors
into the bubble mixture in separate trays. Then use your bubble wand and create
bubbles of different colors on paper. Your kids will surely get ‘blown away’
with this one.
Try these ideas out
with the little ones and have a fun-filled time. Do not worry about the mess,
remember that this is only for a few years. So, get the young Picassos going… !