of reading start with the first book a baby hears. Reading to toddlers sets the
foundation for later independent reading and gives them the very necessary
emergent literacy skills they need. Exposure to reading right from the toddler
or preschool-age prevents most reading problems.
Here are the advantages your child can
receive by being exposed to reading:
- Academic excellence - Numerous studies have shown that
students who are exposed to reading before preschool are more likely to do well
in all stages of education.
- Speech - Kids, who read often, gain a hone on
reading skills. After all, practice makes you perfect!
- Better communication - It gives a large vocabulary of words
and an insight of how to use them. The child will also develop phonemic
awareness and letter identification.
- Brain stimulation - Reading strengthens brain connections
by actually building network of new words.
- Basics of how to read a book - Children not just learn new words as
they read but also unconsciously absorb information about how to structure
sentences and how to use words and language effectively.
- Fundamentals of literacy - Reading introduces concepts such as
numbers, letters, colours, and shapes in a fun way. As the child approaches
school age, he/she will have a better grasp of concepts.
- Acclimatisation to new experiences - Reading a story dealing with a topic relating
to the child’s experience shows him that it’s under norms and familiarises him
to the know-hows.
- Imagination - Reading lets the brain translate the
descriptions we read of people, places and things into pictures. This
imagination can greatly influence the child’s development.
- Emotional development - Read to your child with expression, by
changing the pitch of your voice higher or lower where it's appropriate or
using different voices for different characters. When you do this, your child hears you using
many different emotions and expressive sounds, which fosters social and
- Cognitive skills - When you read stop once in a while
and invite your baby to look, point, touch on the pictures or text.
Simultaneously ask questions or make comments on the pictures (‘’Look what a
cute kitty. What colour is her dress?’’) - All of this promotes social development
and thinking skills.
- Show that reading is fun- Use rhymes, sounds and actions so
your baby gets connected and starts imitating sounds, recognizing pictures, and
learning words. Help them view books as an indulgence so at a later stage they
don’t take reading as a chore.
Read every day!
Note - Books for babies should have simple, repetitive text and
Your toddler screaming may look
mischief, but its developmentally normal phase which sets in at around 14
months. Good news is that your toddler is now alert and self-aware and knows
what he wants. At 18 months, toddlers have very little communication skills. A
child of this age generally knows not more than fifty words and hence it makes
sense that in the absence of language, he uses another outlet to express how he
feels. He takes screeching as a way of communicating his needs. But it may not
be taken very well by your surroundings and may even cause uncomfortable
What to do about it?
is to have a few responses ready to keep a balance with your toddler’s need to
express. Excitement, tantrums for attention, exhaustion, hunger, being bored,
being over-stimulated, uncomfortable etc can be reasons that could lead to a screaming
child. For this, you need to identify what triggers
his screaming and then acknowledge his feelings. If you know what tends to
start the shrieking, you can figure out what he's really trying to say and you
can avoid those situations.
example, if your kid wants your undivided attention, you can prop them up on
your lap and smile at them or make some gestures indicating that you are not
back is the last thing you should do. Follow the rule ‘No screaming at your
toddler to stop screaming’.
Toddlers enjoy this extra attention
that they get by screaming. On the other hand, do not give into their demands
to stop the screech, as this will convey them that screaming will get them what
You can divert
him/her and make them do some other activity or hand some interesting objects. Or
better way is to catch his attention by talking to him in a low pitch so he
gains curiosity to listen to you.
You can sometimes also try ignoring it, although
it’s not going to be easy and is not something that must be done frequently.
As the pitch of a baby's cry increases,
so does the urgency to respond to his needs arise. A distinctive
ultra-high-pitched cry can indicate the presence of neurological problems. You
should asses if the noise is because he is distressed or is he/he being overtly
- Coach on the difference of private & social conversations
Teach the concept of social and private
voice tone. Give a demo of how you talk in home and how you do outside home. Teach
your child different ways to communicate (he can come near to you and signal
what he wants).
The fact that tots have poor impulse
control makes them react repulsively especially when they are in public or when
you go off their sight. This can also sometimes be separation anxiety. What he/she
needs is a slow time for introductions with acquaintances or new